The manometer is a “must have” in every fireplace technician’s toolkit
The manometer is used to read the gas supply inlet pressure and outlet manifold pressure. These pressures are standard requirements for gas appliance manufacturers in the design and function of gas appliances to operate properly.
The manometer can be one of the most effective tools in the tool box of a fireplace technician. Pressure reading can determine whether the malfunction is within the fireplace or an external issue prior to the fireplace. This can save a technician valuable time during a service call.
Example: take a static pressure reading of the inlet pressure, reading is 7″ WC, which is well within the specified range of pressure for natural Gas. Now leave the manometer connected to the inlet pressure tap, turn the unit to ON causing the main burner to turn ON, this reading should not drop more than 1″ WC, in this example from 7″ to 6″ WC. If the reading falls more than 1″ WC this would imply a gas supply issue, such as a shut off not fully open, gas line undersized for the length of the run. Gas pressure dropping below the minimum 5.5″ WC will not allow the gas control to function.
Outlet or manifold pressure will indicate internal issues within the gas control. Burner orifices are sized on the constant pressure delivered to the burner of 3.5″ WC for Natural Gas and 10″ for Propane. Air mixer openings are also determined by this delivery pressure. Gas controls fitted with adjustable regulators whether manual or electric stepper motors can also be used to verify if these components are functioning as they should or have failed.
Along with the manometer initial visual observations of the pilot and burner flame help in diagnostics. Pilot flame that reduces in size when the main burner is turned on, indicates a pressure issue which now should be confirmed with the manometer, is this within specification. Burner flame surging/pulsing/lifting, is this a gas control regulator failure or the supply regulator failure.
To conclude, the manometer is one of the most useful tools in your tool box. It can save time in identifying the source of the problem, reduce the replacing of parts, and save valuable time during a service call. This benefits both the service technician and the homeowner.